HIV mouth sores
Mouth sores are one common HIV symptom. In fact, due to a compromised immune system, between 32 and 46 percent of people with HIV develop mouth complications.
These mouth sores can affect the health of a person. these sores and infections are harder to treat in the case of HIV, and can also interfere with food and medicine.
What do mouth sores look like?
Herpes simplex, or cold sores
It’s more difficult for a person with HIV to fend off infections and viruses. Herpes simplex or oral herpes is one of the most common viruses that humans have. Oral herpes usually shows up in the mouth as red sores.
They can look like blisters when they show up outside the lips. These swollen, elevated bumps, called “fever blisters,” can be painful. Also, they are known as cold sores.
Anyone can get oral herpes, but oral herpes could be more severe and last longer in someone with HIV or a compromised immune system.
Treatment: Drug-treatable oral herpes. A health care provider would typically recommend an antiviral drug, acyclovir. This drug helps to mitigate new outbreaks.
Avoid taking all prescription drugs unless otherwise confirmed by a health care provider. People who have herpes may want to avoid sharing food.
Treatment: medication-treatable oral herpes. A health care provider would typically recommend an antiviral drug, acyclovir. This drug helps to mitigate new outbreaks.
Avoid taking all prescription medicines unless otherwise confirmed by a health care provider. People who have herpes may want to avoid sharing food. PrEP, or pre-presentation prophylaxis, is an HIV prevention strategy in which people who don’t have HIV take HIV medication day by day to decrease their danger of getting HIV in the event that they are presented to the infection. PrEP can prevent HIV from grabbing hold and spreading all through your body. buy prep online at our safe healths online pharmacy.
Aphthous ulcers, or canker sores
Canker sores are common mouth lesions that can cause pain, especially as they don’t go away alone. They are usually red, but can also be coated with a film of grey or yellow. Canker sores are also known as aphthous ulcers.
They appear to grow within their noses, within their lips, and around their tongues. These positions will make the sores feel more painful because they move while someone is talking or eating.
Canker sores aren’t HIV symptoms, but HIV can increase the risk of recurrent and serious sores. Other factors that can cause canker sores include tension, acidic foods, and deficiencies in minerals which include:
- niacin (vitamin B-3)
- cobalamin (vitamin B-12)
Eating hot or spicy foods can also cause increased canker sores’ pain.
Treatment: Over-the-counter ( OTC) creams and mouthwashes can reduce swelling and sores in mild cases. Even saltwater can be used to treat canker sores.
If anyone has a bad case of canker sores, corticosteroids can be prescribed in the form of a tablet. Try topical anesthetic sprays for cases of chronic sores that conflict with meals. These could be helping to numb the area.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) warts
HPV has the ability to cause warts around the mouth or lips. Warts can look like tiny cauliflower-like bumps, or with folded or projected masses. They can sprout around the mouth and inside.
Warts are often white, but can also be pink or gray. They usually aren’t painful, but they can be distracting. HPV mouth warts can be selected and bleed at, depending on their location.
HPV is also strongly connected to oropharyngeal cancer or cancer of the throat.
Treatment: Surgery must be done by a health care provider to remove warts. A topical cream may be used for lip warts but there is no oral drug for the treatment of warts.
Candidiasis, or thrush
Thrush is a yeast infection that occurs anywhere inside the mouth as white, yellowish, or red patches. The patches are sensitive and when accidentally cleaned, can bleed or burn.
In some situations, thrush across the mouth may cause painful cracks. This is called angular cheilitis. Thrush, if left untreated, can spread to the throat too.
Care: Antifungal mouthwash is the standard course of treatment for a moderate thrush. But HIV can also improve resistance to this infection. A health care provider can prescribe oral antifungal pills if that is the case.
Gum disease and dry mouth
While these are not sores, common problems are gum disease (gingivitis) and dry mouth.
Gum disease causes swelling in the gums, which can be painful. In extreme cases, it can cause loss of gum or teeth in as fast as 18 months. Gum disease may also be a sign of inflammation, which raises the risk of heart and stroke disease.
A dry mouth happens when a person produces not enough saliva. Saliva can help to protect the teeth and avoid infections. The teeth and gums are vulnerable to plaque growth, without saliva. This can exacerbate gum disease, too.
Treatment: Constantly drink water, floss, and brush to keep the mouth clean and hydrated. For gum disease, a dentist uses a deep cleaning procedure to extract the plaque.
If the dry mouth continues, ask a healthcare professional for alternatives to saliva.
Complications with HIV treatment
HIV medication could also be interacting with mouth sores. Declining immune function can increase the spread of mouth sores which appear to multiply in large numbers. This can make it hard to chew, causing some people to skip drugs or meals.
Speak to a health care provider if the mouth sores make taking HIV medication difficult. Some treatment options can be found here.
Infections may result from untreated mouth sores. When someone is eating or brushing their teeth, canker and cold sores can pop up. Warts and thrush can be picked up accidentally. The open wounds leave an even more vulnerable person to infections.
Dry mouth also raises the risk of infection, since there is insufficient saliva to fight bacteria naturally.
Speak to a health-care professional about mouth sores medication. Treatment immediately decreases the number of mouth sores and the risk of infection.
Preventive oral care
One of the easiest ways to treat and avoid mouth sores related to Hiv is by visiting a dentist for daily check-ups.
A dentist can notice problems early on or help avoid a worsening of sores. Let them know about mouth sores or diseases that aren’t going anywhere. They can assist with care and symptom control.
The key to treating HIV is consistently visiting a health care provider and taking medication. Having mouth sores will make it more difficult to take the drug. If there are any issues that conflict with treatment, consider talking to a healthcare provider.