Early symptoms of HIV might be gentle and easily dismissed. But even without observable symptoms, an HIV-positive individual can still pass the virus on to other people. That is one of the numerous reasons why it’s important for individuals to know their HIV status.
Ladies may think about how HIV symptoms for them differ from those found in men. Numerous HIV symptoms are the equivalent for men and women, yet not all.
Here’s a list of 9 common symptoms, including those that are specific to ladies.
1. Early, flu-like symptoms
In the early weeks after contracting HIV, it’s not uncommon for individuals to be without symptoms. A few people may have gentle flu-like symptoms, including:
- lack of energy
- swollen lymph glands
These symptoms frequently go away within a few weeks. Sometimes, it might take as many as 10 years for more serious symptoms to show up.
2. Skin rashes and skin sores
Many people with HIV develop skin issues. The rash is a typical symptom of HIV, and various different types of skin rashes are related to the condition. They might be a symptom of HIV itself or the result of concurrent disease or condition.
On the off chance that a rash appears, it’s a good idea to have a healthcare provider review one’s clinical history. They can utilize a complete clinical history to determine which diagnostic tests are required.
Sores, or lesions, may likewise form on the skin of the mouth, genitals, and anus of individuals with HIV. With proper medication, however, skin issues might become less serious.
3. Swollen organs
Lymph nodes are situated throughout the human body, including the neck, back of the head, armpits, and groin. As part of the immune system, lymph nodes fend off infections by storing immune cells and filtering pathogens.
As HIV spreads, the immune system kicks into high gear. The outcome is enlarged lymph nodes, normally known as swollen glands.
It’s often one of the main signs of HIV. In individuals living with HIV, swollen glands might last for several months.
HIV makes it difficult for the immune system to fight off germs, so it is simpler for opportunistic infections (OIs) to take hold.
Some of these include pneumonia, tuberculosis, and oral or vaginal candidiasis. Yeast diseases (a type of candidiasis) and bacterial infections might be more normal in HIV-positive ladies, as well as difficult to treat.
In general, individuals with HIV are also more prone to infections of the following areas:
- digestive tract
- HIV can make it harder to treat common ailments such as the flu, too.
Be that as it may, taking antiretroviral drugs and achieving viral suppression will dramatically decrease a person’s risk of getting OIs. Other precautions, including frequent hand-washing, can likewise help prevent some of these illnesses and their complications.
5. Fever and night sweats
Individuals with HIV may experience long periods of low-grade fever. A temperature between 99.8°F and 100.8°F is considered a low-grade fever.
The body develops a fever when something isn’t right, however, the reason isn’t always obvious. Since it’s a low-grade fever, the individuals who are unaware of their HIV-positive status may overlook the symptoms.
Now and again, night sweats that can meddle with rest might go with fever.
6. Menstrual changes
Ladies with HIV can experience changes to their menstrual cycle. Their periods might be lighter or heavier than typical, or they might not have a period at all.
HIV-positive ladies may likewise have progressively serious premenstrual symptoms.
7. Increased outbreaks of other sexually transmitted infections (STIs)
For individuals who as of now have another sexually transmitted infection, HIV can prompt intensifying symptoms.
Human papillomavirus (HPV), which causes genital warts, is progressively active in individuals who have HIV. HIV can likewise cause more frequent — and increasingly intense — outbreaks in individuals with genital herpes. Their bodies might not respond also to their herpes treatment, either.
8. Pelvic provocative sickness (PID)
Pelvic provocative malady (PID) is an infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.
PID in HIV-positive ladies might be harder to treat. Likewise, symptoms may last longer than expected or return more often.
9. Advanced symptoms of HIV and AIDS
As HIV advances, indications can include:
- shortness of breath
- nausea and vomiting
- severe headache
- joint pain
- muscle aches
- weight loss
- shortness of breath
- chronic cough
- trouble swallowing
In the later stages, HIV can lead to:
- short-term memory loss
- mental confusion
The most advanced stage of HIV is AIDS.
At this stage, the safe framework is seriously traded off, and diseases become progressively difficult to ward off. who should take prep to Cure HIV? An individual gets a determination of AIDS when their CD4 cell tally falls under 200 cells for every cubic millimeter of blood (mm3).
Now, the danger of specific malignant growths increments. These supposed “Guides characterizing diseases” incorporate Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and cervical malignant growth (which is explicit to ladies).