Around 40 percent of sexually active ladies in the age section of 18-59 report sexual issues sooner or later in their lives. Chronic health conditions like diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, pulmonary instability, etc. have been connected up with weakened sexual working. These constant illnesses lead to sexual irregularity, yet this conduct is more unmistakable in the ladies tainted with STDs. Sexually transmitted disease term means ‘Explicitly Transmitted Diseases’ or sicknesses transmitted through sexual contact with a contaminated person. There are different sorts of STDs however one transmitted by means of HIV infection is deadly, along these lines it is constantly obligatory to use assurance during sex.
Females infected with HIV show sensational changes in their invulnerable hormonal system, their resistance framework is in danger as well as their hormone system acts normal. Such ladies display sexual dysfunction all the more common, it is a result of the awkward nature in their sex hormones that incorporate estrogen and progesterone. In an investigation led by Women’s Interagency HIV Study (WIHS), it was uncovered that ladies living with HIV report more prominent sexual issues contrasted and ladies not infected with HIV.
Symptoms and treatment
The sexually transmitted disease is multifaceted and makes various issues infected person, for example, fever, weakness, body and muscle throbs, anxiety and restlessness. The more serious symptoms incorporate rectal bleeding, painful sex, genital warts, irregular menstrual cycle and some more, hence it should be treated when at the principal indication of STD is obvious. There is an expanded risk of below-mentioned diseases in the case of HIV:-
- Abdominal Bloating
It is a genetic disease which can be experienced by numerous ladies. It isn’t unexpected to feel enlarged at times since it happens because of indulging of fats and oil-rich sustenance since they set aside a more drawn out effort to process than starches and protein. Be that as it may, if this happens daily and proceeds for one to about fourteen days and ends up serious enough to cause extension, it is an opportunity to counsel a specialist. It might be a sign of ovarian cancer or colon cancer.
- Feeling full and tight all the time, even after eating a light meal
- Frequent urination
- A change in bowel habits
- Sudden and unexplained weight loss
- Pelvic pain
- Increase the amount of water intake.
- Keep away from carbonated drinks and alcoholic beverages.
- Antacids such as Maalox Anti-Gas, and Mylanta Gas, allow the gas to be belched away more effectively.
- Take medicine containing charcoal after meals or at the first sign of gas discomfort.
- Beano supplemented nourishments or beano tablets can be taken. Beano is a nourishment enzyme that reduces the gas in the digestive tract, in this way improving assimilation and lessening distress.
- Vaginal Discharge
Vaginal discharge is a typical symptom and might be either physiological or pathological. Foul-smelling discharge from the vagina may imply an infection that should be dealt with or can be a notice indication of something more serious like STD.
- The vaginal discharge is related to an expanded danger of HIV and indications generally include:
- An offensive yellow vaginal release, which is frequently profuse and frothy. It causes vulvar itching and soreness, dysuria and stomach pain.
- Some ladies suffer from an abundant purulent vaginal discharge, however, it is asymptomatic in 80% of ladies.
- Burning or frequent urination
This generally indicates a urinary tract disease and if not treated, it could cause significant issues, for example, cystitis. Urinary tract diseases (UTIs), also called bladder infections, are normal in ladies. Numerous ladies experience at least one UTI during their lifetime.
- Pain or burning sensation while urinating
- Immediate need to urinate
- Increased recurrence of urination
- Less urine discharge
- Blood in urine
- Low back pain or pubic territory pain
Treatment for Frequent Urination
Diet modification: Any nourishment that is an irritant for bladder ought to be evaded. The nourishments to be avoided include alcohol, carbonated beverages, chocolate, artificial sugars, caffeine, tomato-based product, and fiery foods. Clogging may intensify the indications of overactive bladder, thusly it is imperative to eat high-fiber foods. To prevent clogging, one should drink enough water too.
Kegel Exercises: Kegel exercise consists of more than once contracting and relaxing the pelvic muscles and reinforces the muscles around the bladder and urethra. These exercises prevent or control urinary incontinence and other pelvic issues.
Drugs: Drugs, for example, Detrol LA, Ditropan, Enablex, Oxytrol, Myrbetriq, Sanctura XR, Tofranil and Vesicare help in relieving urinary bladder syndrome. Oxytrol for ladies is the main medication available over the counter.
- Irregular periods
when the menstrual cycle does not follow the 28-day cycle and the amount of bleeding may differ from month to month, all things considered, you have to converse with your doctor. For the most part, no treatment is required for irregular periods except if they are inordinate or vexatious. HIV positive ladies may experience:
- More (or less) frequent periods.
- Periods that last for longer than usual.
- Missed periods.
- Heavier or lighter periods.
- No period for 90 days or more (amenorrhea)
- Spotting (bleeding) between periods.
Here are some treatment options:
Way of life changes also a credit to sporadic periods like weight increase, unreasonable exercise or weight reduction, stress, and so on.
- Painful Sex
It isn’t typical to experience pain during sex, however, if agony prevails, then it might flag various gynecological issues. It could be an infection, a hormone imbalance, pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis or an ovarian cyst.
What are the Treatments for Endometriosis?
There are two different methods to treat endometriosis, however, the treatment relies upon age and severity of disease in ladies. The methods are:-
Hormone therapy: Patient is asked to take birth control pills. This treatment can be successful, however much of the time, side effects return after you stop taking the pill. Two of the generally used hormones are Medroxyprogesterone and gonadotropin-discharging hormone agonists. Lamentably, hormone treatment has reactions, for example, weight gain, depression, acne, expanded body hair, and irregular bleeding.
Surgery: It is the situation when pills don’t work, the specialist may recommend surgery. It includes the removal of the endometrial tissue becoming outside the uterus.
Home Treatments: The following may help ease the manifestations of endometriosis:
- Take drugs, for example, ibuprofen or naproxen for pain relief.
- Apply a heating pad to your pelvic region.
- Drink warm refreshments to help relax cramping muscles.
Analysts suggest that sexual dysfunction is normal, yet numerous mothers are reluctant to talk about these issues. In any case, it is to be comprehended that such issues if not examined and disease not treated may also put the mother and baby’s life at risk if the mother carries HIV. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a course of HIV medications taken by HIV-negative people to avoid infection. PrEP can virtually dispose of the risk of getting HIV whenever taken consistently and accurately.
What is Generic Truvada PrEP used for?
Generic Truvada can be used for what is called “PrEP,” short for “pre-exposure prophylaxis,” the controversial practice with regards to using antiretroviral medications to prevent HIV infection. Generic Truvada is a combination of two drugs, emtricitabine, and tenofovir.